The State of Louisiana is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America. Its capital is Baton Rouge and largest city is New Orleans. Louisiana is the only state divided into parishes, which are local governments equivalent to counties. The largest parish by population is Jefferson Parish, and the largest by land area is Cameron Parish.
Louisiana contains a number of areas which are, in varying degrees, protected from human intervention. In addition to National Park Service sites and areas and a United States National Forest, Louisiana operates a system of state parks and recreation areas throughout the state. Administered by the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, the Louisiana Natural and Scenic Rivers System provides a degree of protection for 48 rivers, streams and bayous in the state.
Historic or scenic areas managed, protected, or otherwise recognized by the National Park Service include:
Cane River National Heritage Area near Natchitoches;
Cane River Creole National Historical Park near Natchitoches;
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, headquartered in New Orleans, with units in St. Bernard Parish, Barataria (Crown Point), and Acadiana (Lafayette);
New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park;
Poverty Point National Monument at Epps, Louisiana; and
Saline River/Bayou, a designated National Wild and Scenic River near Winn Parish in northern Louisiana.
Kisatchie National Forest is Louisiana's only national forest. It includes several hundred thousand acres in central and north Louisiana.
Louisiana operates a system of 19 state parks, 16 state historic sites and one state preservation area. Louisiana is also home of the High Delta Safari Park close to Shreveport and Monroe.